|Concept of system||Marketing||Tangibility, intangibility||Netwokrs, infrastructures||Sustainability||Social Aspects and parnterships||Industrial process|
|Goedkoop· et al., 1999||A marketable set of products and services capable of jointly fulfilling a user's need. The PS system is provided either by a single company or by an alliance of companies. It can enclose products (or just one) plus additional services. It can enclose a service plus an additional product. And product and service can be equally important for the function fulfilment.||*||*|
Manzini et al.,
A business innovation strategy offering a marketable mix of
Products and services jointly capable of fulfilling client needs
And/or wants with higher added value and a smaller environmental impact as compared to an existing system or product.
A system of products, services, supporting networks and
Infrastructure that is designed to be: competitive, satisfy customer needs and have a lower environmental impact than traditional business models.
|A product service system (PSS) can be defined as "an innovation strategy, shifting the business focus from designing (and selling) physical products only, to designing (and selling) a system of products and services which are jointly capable of fulfilling specific client demands”.||*||*|
|Tukker, 2004||A system consisting of tangible products and intangible services designed and combined so that they Jointly are capable of fulfilling specific customer needs.||*||*||*|
Halme et al.,
|Products and services which can simultaneously fulfill people's needs and considerably reduce the use of materials and energy||*||*|
|An advanced industrialised solution based on collaboration between social players, which gives rise to both effective and efficient, highly contextualised services||*||*|
|Morelli, 2006||A social construction, based on "attraction forces" (such as goals, expected results and problem-solving criteria) which catalyse the participation of several partners. A PSS is a result of a value coproduction process within such a partnership. Its effectiveness IS based on a shared vision of possible and desirable scenarios.||*||*|
Baines et al.,
|A market proposition that extends the traditional functionality of a product by incorporating additional services.||*|
|Meier et al., 2010||An Industrial Product-Service System is characterized by the integrated and mutually determined planning, development, provision and use of product and service shares including its immanent software components in Business-to-Business applications and represents a knowledge-intensive socio-technical system||*||*||*|
|A Product-Service System (PSS) is an integrated bundle of products and service which aims at creating customer utility and generating value||*||*|
A product-service is a service supplied in addition to a product increasing its value for the customers
Note: Considering labor forces distribution, added value and gross domestic product sharing out in developing and developed countries, the service economy is growing even in the manufacturing area. Services constitute a source of innovation whatever the sector of activities. Manufacturers propose services around the product they deliver.
|Brandsotter 2003||PSS consists of tangible products and intangible services, designed and combined so that they are jointly fulfilling specific customer needs. Additionally PSS tries to reach the goals of sustainable development.|
|SUSPRONET (http://www.suspronet.org/)||Product-service is defined as a value proposition that consists of a mix of tangible products and intangible service designed and combined so that they are jointly capable of fulfilling integrated, final customer needs and a product-service system (PSS) as the product-service including the network and infrastructure needed to ‘produce’ a product-service.|